New Bike parking Provisions in Buildings’ Policies

Bike parking provisions in the European Green Deal’s proposal for a new Energy performance of buildings Directive

The Commission’s proposal for a revision of the Energy Performance of Buildings Directive (EPBD) contains – as a completely new element – “mandatory bicycle parking spaces in new buildings and buildings undergoing major renovation “in order to remove barriers to cycling as a central element of sustainable, zero-emission mobility.” [quote from the proposal’s Explanatory Memorandum].

Though one could always wish for more (e.g. language on cargo-bikes and mandatory charging points also for bicycles (though for bikes these can more easily be added than for cars), this is quite a step forward.

Recital 40 of the proposal states that

“Promoting green mobility is a key part of the European Green Deal and buildings can play an important role in providing the necessary infrastructure, not only for recharging of electric vehicles but also for bicycles. A shift to soft mobility such as cycling can significantly reduce greenhouse gas emissions from transport. As set out in the 2030 Climate Target Plan, increasing the modal shares of clean and efficient private and public transport, such as cycling, will drastically lower pollution from transport and bring major benefits to individual citizens and communities. The lack of bike parking spaces is a major barrier to the uptake of cycling, both in residential and non-residential buildings. Building codes can effectively support the transition to cleaner mobility by establishing requirements for a minimum number of bicycle parking spaces.”

Concretely, the Commission has proposed in Article 12 “Infrastructure for sustainable mobility” that

* for new non-residential buildings and non-residential buildings undergoing major renovation, with more than 5 car parking spaces, Member States shall ensure the installation of at least one bicycle parking space for every car parking space.

For all non-residential buildings with more than twenty car parking spaces, Member States shall ensure at least one bicycle parking space for every car parking space, by 1 January 2027.

“Member States may adjust requirements for specific categories of non-residential buildings […] where bicycles are typically less used as a means of transport.”

For new residential buildings and residential buildings undergoing major renovation, with more than three car parking spaces, Member States shall ensure the installation of at least two bicycle parking spaces for every dwelling. Where in the case of major renovation, ensuring two bicycle parking spaces for every dwelling is not feasible, Member States shall ensure as many bicycle parking spaces as appropriate”

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